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CoronaVirus: High & Moderate Risk Pateints

Moderate Risk

The following people at moderate risk (clinically vulnerable):

  • 70 or older

  • pregnant

  • have a lung condition that is not severe (such as asthma, COPD, emphysema or bronchitis)

  • have heart disease (such as heart failure)

  • have diabetes

  • have chronic kidney disease

  • have liver disease (such as hepatitis)

  • have a condition affecting the brain or nerves (such as Parkinson's disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis or cerebral palsy)

  • have a condition that means you have a high risk of getting infections

  • taking medicine that can affect the immune system (such as low doses of steroids)

  • very obese (BMI of 40 or above)


Current government advice is that you are at moderate risk from coronavirus and it is very important you follow the advice on social distancing.

High Risk

The following people are considered to be at high risk (clinically extremely vulnerable):

  • have had an organ transplant

  • having chemotherapy or antibody treatment for cancer, including immunotherapy

  • having an intense course of radiotherapy (radical radiotherapy) for lung cancer

  • having targeted cancer treatments that can affect the immune system (such as protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors)

  • have blood or bone marrow cancer (such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma)

  • had a bone marrow or stem cell transplant in the past 6 months, or still taking immunosuppressant medicine

  • told by a doctor that you have a severe lung condition (such as cystic fibrosis, severe asthma or severe COPD)

  • have a condition that means you have a very high risk of getting infections (such as SCID or sickle cell)

  • taking medicine that makes you much more likely to get infections (such as high doses of steroids)

  • pregnant and have a serious heart condition.

Current government advice is that you should exercise ‘shielding’ meaning that for your protection and until 30 June 2020, you should stay at home at all times and avoid face-to-face contact with anyone outside your own household.

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